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Iron was recognized as an essential nutrient for animal organisms in 1860 and to this day is the most studied metal. The human body contains 2-4 g. iron.
About 65% of body iron is contained in hemoglobin, about 10% in myoglobin, 1-3% is a component of various enzymes and the rest is either circulating in the blood or stored.
The total amount of iron contained in the body is not only a function of weight but also of a host of physiological conditions such as age, sex, pregnancy and developmental stages. Characteristic of iron metabolism is its storage and reuse at a rate of 90%.
The functions that iron performs in the body are due to its physical and chemical properties, making it a much-needed metal. In particular, it is a component of heme contributing to the transport of oxygen to the tissues, it is part of various enzymes that play a key role in various metabolic processes, while adequate iron intake is essential for the normal functioning of the immune system.
Iron is also essential for proper brain function at all ages, as it is involved in both the function and synthesis of neurotransmitters and myelin.
It is the
most important mineral for the human body. It is necessary for the production
of hemoglobin, the most important red blood cell protein which circulates in
the blood and retains oxygen during the circulation of blood cells from the
lung arteries and releases it in the body tissues. Iron is also necessary for
DNA synthesis in all the body cells and iron deficiency suspends their
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