You shouldn't ignore your bunions..
A bunion is a
deformity that occurs on the side of the big toe. Its presence can cause
deformity in the adjacent toes as well. In this case, the two adjacent fingers
are observed to rise above the first. It occurs more often in women and
especially in ballet dancers. The older you get, the more likely you are to get
sick. Its clinical picture includes a large protrusion that is often red and
swollen. The sufferer feels intense pain when wearing tight shoes, because the
spot is rubbed and inflammation is created.
Symptoms and causes of bunion sprains
The main symptoms it causes are:
Pain in the sole
Swelling at the base of the index finger
Deformation of the adjacent fingers
The exact causes of bunion are not clear. It is thought to be due to hereditary, traumatic and metabolic factors. It has been linked to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis. It is often found in members of the same family, which increasingly leads to the conclusion that in many cases it is hereditary. It is often believed that the ankle and heel pain are due to high and narrow shoes. And the choice of shoe may be partly responsible for the pain in the heel or for the calluses on the feet, but this does not seem to be the case for the ankle. These shoes can keep the foot in the wrong position for hours, exacerbating the pain of a sore foot.
Diagnosis and tests for the bunion
The diagnosis of the disease is made by imaging examination and clinical examination by a competent doctor who is orthopedic/orthopedic surgeon. Imaging includes X-rays and MRI scans. The radiological examination determines the severity of the condition and the exact point where the bones are affected. The magnetic field controls even more precisely the stage where the damage is in the toes and the metatarsus of the foot.
Treatment for bunion
Treatment for the bunion includes conservative treatment, medication, physiotherapy and surgery. Depending on the stage and severity of the disease, but also the overall history of the patient, a doctor will choose which method or which combination of methods is appropriate for each patient.
Conservative treatment involves the use of comfortable shoes that leave the toes free without pressing them. Medication aims to relieve pain and not to treat the condition itself. The same goes for physiotherapy. The only way other than the surgical method that can partially correct the problem is by using a special splint. The application of the splint should be continuous (day-night), since when the patient removes it the problem returns. The most permanent and essential solution for its treatment is surgery with microsurgical techniques. Now, the recovery after the operation is immediate and the patient does not feel any pain, while the problem is finally corrected and in fact, at the same time on both legs.
The surgery is performed under general or local anesthesia. It lasts one hour on each leg, while the patient should stay for a day in the hospital and receive preventive antibiotic treatment. The sutures are removed about 10-15 days after the operation.
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