What is vaginal dryness?

Posted by   Τόλης Γεωργακόπουλος
What is vaginal dryness?

Vaginal dryness is a common and curable problem that many women experience at some point in their lives. Love life plays a very important role in the happiness and relationship of a couple. Not only it gives pleasure but also improves their emotional bond. Over time, however, vaginal dryness and decreased pleasure may occur. If accompanied by relaxation of the vagina it can cause additional problems in love life and urination disorders.

Vaginal dryness is common in women who are going through or have gone through menopause and is the result of a lack or reduced production of estrogen.

Symptoms of vaginal dryness
Vaginal dryness can occur only during sexual intercourse or all the time. The symptoms that are usually reported are:
Discomfort during sex

Burning and itching in the vagina
Difficulty in arousal and orgasm

Frequent urination
Recurrent urinary tract infections

Narrowing of the vagina

Causes of vaginal dryness
Both vaginal dryness and other vaginal problems can be due to one of the following factors:
Menopause - decreased estrogen levels

Breastfeeding or pregnancy - reduced estrogen is also observed during this period
Inadequate arousal before sexual intercourse - if you omit arousal before intercourse, the vagina does not produce the necessary fluids

Contraceptives - sometimes can cause vaginal dryness
Cancer Treatments - pelvic radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and sometimes chemotherapy can cure dry vagina

Various ailments - diabetes or Sjögren's syndrome are diseases that affect the production of body fluids and can cause vaginal dryness
Medications - Some medications such as antidepressants or allergy medications can affect the vagina

Surgical removal of the ovaries
Injury during sex - this can mainly cause vaginal relaxation problems

Treatment of vaginal dryness
Initially, you can treat the first signs of vaginal dryness on your own. Try applying a lubricant or vaginal moisturizer and spend a little more time on arousal before intercourse.

The most effective and safe solution, however, is to consult a specialist to identify where the vaginal dryness comes from and to treat it in a targeted way. Remember that if you have hot flashes you should contact your doctor immediately.

The treatment options available are:

-This is a gel or liquid that is usually applied to the vagina before sexual intercourse.
Vaginal moisturizers
- These are creams that are applied inside the vagina and keep it hydrated.
Intravaginal application of estrogen
- These are intravaginal suppositories and creams with estrogen that are prescribed by your doctor and are usually given to menopausal women. Not suitable for women with cancer, breastfeeding mothers and those who have symptoms of bleeding. Tell your doctor before taking any treatment.
Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
- This is a treatment given only by your doctor and aims to restore the hormones that begin to decline during menopause.
Vaginal regeneration
- A method of immediate treatment of vaginal dryness, incontinence, relaxation and atrophy.


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