The Swine flu H1N1

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The Swine flu H1N1

Last spring, news that a dangerous flu could reach pandemic proportions shocked public opinion. The growing number of confirmed cases of the virus has shown that this scenario is not science fiction, but a dangerous reality. But what is this new swine flu?

It is a highly contagious respiratory disease of swines, but this time it has been mixed with bird flu and seasonal viruses.

Research has confirmed the possibility of the virus being transmitted from person to person. Unfortunately, panic can easily occur because the symptoms of the common cold and the dangerous flu are similar.
However, it has been observed that the symptoms of influenza are usually more severe, with a high fever and a strong feeling of exhaustion.

Dangerous symptoms

As mentioned above, the symptoms are similar to those of the common flu. In most cases include fever, cough, sore throat, chills, muscle pain and headaches, while symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting are less common. It is clear that the flu can put more strain on the health of people with already weakened bodies. High-risk groups include children under 5, pregnant women, people over 65 and people with a history of heart and lung disease, as well as diabetes.

What are the symptoms that should lead us to the doctor?

But if the symptoms are so similar, how do we know when to really worry and make an appointment with the doctor? According to experts, in the cases of children there have been additional symptoms, such as dehydration, rapid breathing, drowsiness, black lips and skin. In the case of adults, symptoms such as shortness of breath, dizziness and pain in the chest or abdomen are a reason to contact our doctor immediately.

How does the flu spread?

The way the new flu spreads is not much different from that of the common flu. Sneezing and coughing are responsible for its transmission. Most often people get infected when they touch an infected surface and then put their hand in their mouth, nose or eyes. With regard to this particular flu, an infected patient can transmit it to those around him from the first day of his infection, even if the symptoms have not yet manifested. Transmission can occur up to the seventh day after infection with the virus. It is important to know that viruses and bacteria stay alive for two hours and survive on table tops, knobs and desks. Also, since the virus is transmitted from person to person, it can "travel" from country to country. However, as far as its transmission through the consumption of pork is concerned, experts are clear: the cooking temperatures of pork almost rule out the possibility of transmission in this way.

How can we protect ourselves?

The basic rules of hygiene and cleanliness are necessary to be able to protect ourselves as well as possible from the flu. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommends:

Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing and throw away the tissue immediately.

Avoid contact of hands with eyes, nose and mouth.

Avoid handshakes and kisses.

Use antiseptics and disinfectants often.


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