The most important thing for oral hygiene!

Posted by   - Fotopharmacy -
18/11/2020
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The most important thing for oral hygiene!

Diseases and care
The consequences of poor oral hygiene are very significant.
Therefore we should not neglect proper brushing, flossing and regular visits to the dentist. By taking care of your oral hygiene, you will avoid various dental problems that lead to caries and gingivitis and eventually lead to periodontitis.

First, the carriage ...
The main culprit? Sugar in any form. Bacteria that are commonly found in the mouth and dental plaque (that is, this thin, whitish layer that forms after meals) turn sweet foods into acidic substances that affect the enamel. Without strict oral hygiene, this plaque remains, hardens and calcifies, resulting in the formation of tartar. Since it is directly covered with tartar, tooth enamel is the first to be affected. Gradually, a small black hole forms on the surface of the tooth and then this hole grows and deepens. If left untreated, this cavity widens and reaches the dentin, which lies beneath the enamel. This leads to pain, especially in the hot and cold. The cavity then spreads to the root of the tooth, where the nerves are located, causing toothache. All this can lead to abscess formation, resulting in the tooth being in danger of breaking and creating a problem in the gums.

Gingivitis follows ...
In adulthood, it is more difficult to create caries in relation to childhood and adolescence, because the enamel that has matured, corrects the mineral ions in saliva and becomes more compact. However, gum problems are common because the structures in which the teeth are implanted, namely the mucous membranes, the gums and the alveolar bones, change.


The salivary glands are less active. In addition, oral acidity increases, leading to irritation of the mucous membranes, while the elastic fibers of the connective tissue tend to cause the gums to recede. Aggravating factors are known: tobacco, alcohol, sweets, hormonal changes, chemotherapy, diabetes, reduced immune defenses, drugs that dry the mouth. Poor fitting of the denture also affects the condition of the gums. In addition, tartar formed by dental plaque makes the tooth surface harder, which can injure the gums. Symptoms of Gingivitis: When the gums are swollen and bleeding from brushing or even a spontaneous move, and sensitive, this is a sign of gingivitis. Gingivitis is a (usually mild) inflammation of the gums. However, without proper care and good hygiene, the condition worsens and can lead to periodontitis.

Important facts to know about smoking
Tar and nicotine in cigarettes have a vasoconstrictive effect on the capillaries of the gums. Smokers' gums, which are affected by tobacco, do not bleed, resulting in delays in the treatment of gingivitis and periodontitis.

Periodontitis, what exactly is it?
The periodontium consists of ligaments and tissue that covers the roots and bones. Periodontitis is an inflammation and / or infection that spreads under the gums and destroys the supporting tissue. The teeth appear larger due to the receding gums and black spaces appear between them. In this case, the teeth are in danger of falling out. It is urgent to consult a dentist immediately, but care is long and expensive.

Prevention is always better
Prevention is based on careful brushing, several times a day and regular removal of the stone. Monitoring by a dentist 1-2 times a year is very important for removing plaque and tartar, even in difficult areas.

Good brushing method
Thorough brushing (not intense!) With a fluoride toothpaste, ideally 3 times a day after meals, is essential. Remember to change your toothbrush every 3 months. Electric toothbrushes improve the quality of brushing, remove stains and leave a true sense of cleanliness. However, before using it, consult your pharmacist to help you make the right choice. It is also a good idea to use interdental brushes or floss, preferably waxed, to remove plaque between the teeth, where the bristles of the toothbrush do not reach. Do not hesitate to ask your pharmacist how to use them.

Antiseptic mouthwash
It is advisable to use a chlorhexidine mouthwash after brushing to relieve pain and reduce inflammation.

There are also aphthae ..
Who has not, at least once or repeatedly, experienced these small white superficial lesions that form on the mucous membranes in the mouth, cheeks, tongue, inner lips and gums? Certain foods (nuts, some cheeses such as Swiss cheese, chocolate), stress, certain periods of the menstrual cycle, toothpastes containing sodium lauryl sulfate, are causes that can lead to aphthae.

What to do
Avoid irritating drinks and foods, citrus fruits, pineapple, tomatoes, spices. It is good to apply a special mouth gel several times a day to relieve pain and inflammation. Prefer a concentrated formula based on low molecular weight hyaluronic acid, which promotes tissue healing and repair, while relieving irritation.

Calm the pain
Some tips while waiting to go to the dentist.

• Rinse with mouthwash daily (no more than 2 times a day).
• Regularly apply a layer of toothpaste to sensitive teeth to protect damaged enamel from sensitivity to cold or heat.

• Take a painkiller, but first seek the advice of your doctor or pharmacist.
• A very effective tip from the grandmother: use dried cloves, the oil of which is a natural anesthetic. Chew them and apply them directly to the sore tooth or boil them for 10 minutes and use the decoction as a mouthwash, or apply their essential oil on the tooth (you can find it at the pharmacy) with a small gauze.

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